Effect of halothane on conventional protein kinase C translocation and down-regulation in rat cerebrocortical synaptosomes.

TitleEffect of halothane on conventional protein kinase C translocation and down-regulation in rat cerebrocortical synaptosomes.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1997
AuthorsHemmings HC, Adamo AI
JournalBr J Anaesth
Date Published1997 Feb
KeywordsAnesthetics, Inhalation, Animals, Cell Culture Techniques, Cerebral Cortex, Down-Regulation, Halothane, Phorbol Esters, Protein Kinase C, Rats, Synaptosomes, Translocation, Genetic

Protein kinase C (PKC) is a key regulatory enzyme that has been implicated as a molecular target for the action of general anaesthetics. We have determined the effects of halothane on the translocation and down-regulation of conventional PKC (cPKC) by analysing the subcellular distribution of PKC activity, [3H]phorbol-12,13-dibutyrate ([3H]PDBu) binding and PKC immunoreactivity in intact rat cerebrocortical synaptosomes, a subcellular fraction that contains functional nerve terminals. Halothane alone (2.4 vol%) reduced membrane-associated (P < 0.05) and increased cytosol (P < 0.01) PKC activity, while phorbol-12-myristate, 13-acetate (PMA) 0.1 mumol litre-1, a metabolically stable activator of PKC, reduced membrane (P < 0.01) without altering cytosol PKC activity. Halothane and PMA in combination reduced membrane PKC activity to undetectable levels and reduced cytosol PKC activity (P < 0.01). Halothane alone had no significant effects on the distribution of [3H]PDBu binding, while PMA alone significantly reduced both membrane and cytosol [3H]PDBu binding (P < 0.01). Halothane and PMA in combination reduced membrane and cytosol [3H]PDBu binding further, but this effect was not significantly different from the effect of PMA alone. Experiments using isoform-selective antibodies to PKC alpha, PKC beta or PKC gamma demonstrated synergistic interactions between halothane and PMA in promoting translocation of the three conventional PKC isoforms from the cytosol to the membrane fraction of synaptosomes and down-regulation of their immunoreactivity. Halothane and PMA together reduced cytosol PKC alpha/beta/gamma immunoreactivity significantly more (P < 0.05) than PMA alone. Halothane thus has two distinct actions on PKC in synaptosomes: activation of endogenous PKC activity and potentiation of activation-induced cPKC translocation and down-regulation. These potentially competing effects may underlie some of the conflicting results obtained with halothane on PKC-mediated processes in intact cells.

Alternate JournalBr J Anaesth
PubMed ID9068340
Grant ListGM 52441 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States