|Title||Characterization of pica prevalence among patients with sickle cell disease.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2001|
|Authors||Ivascu NS, Sarnaik S, McCrae J, Whitten-Shurney W, Thomas R, Bond S|
|Journal||Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med|
|Date Published||2001 Nov|
|Keywords||Adolescent, Adult, Child, Child, Preschool, Comorbidity, Female, Hemoglobin SC Disease, Hemoglobins, Humans, Male, Pica, Prevalence, Retrospective Studies|
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of pica and its characteristics among children with sickle cell disease.
DESIGN: Retrospective, observational study.
SETTING: An urban, ambulatory care, interdisciplinary center.
PATIENTS: The medical records of all 480 patients who visited the center from March 1, 1998, to June 30, 1999, were reviewed. Patients were excluded for history of stroke, long-term transfusions, pregnancy, acute illness, or age younger than 3 years.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Sex, age, weight, height, Tanner stage, complete blood cell count, sickle cell genotype, pica history, and levels of iron, zinc, lead, and fetal hemoglobin (Hb).
RESULTS: Of 395 study patients, 134 (33.9%) reported pica. Ingested items included paper, foam, and powders. There was a significantly higher prevalence of pica among patients homozygous for Hb S (Hb SS, sickle cell anemia) compared with the combined group of double heterozygous patients with Hb SC, Hb SD, and Hb Sbeta thallasemia (Sbeta(+)or Sbeta(0)) (35.6% vs 25.5%; P =.03). Within genotype, mean Hb levels were significantly lower and reticulocyte counts were significantly higher in the patients with pica. Overall, the mean age of patients with pica was significantly lower; however, the prevalence was 23.3% (27/116) among those aged 10.0 to 14.9 years and 14.8% (8/54) among those aged 15.0 to 19.0 years. Within age groups, patients with pica weighed significantly less.
CONCLUSIONS: Pica appeared to have an unusually high prevalence in patients with sickle cell disease and a correlation with lower Hb levels. It is unclear whether pica is a specific marker of disease severity, because our review did not show a relationship to increased number and duration of hospitalizations. The association between pica and low body weight suggests a nutritional effect on its prevalence.
|Alternate Journal||Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med|