Lingering effects of COVID-19 in the care of perioperative patients.

TitleLingering effects of COVID-19 in the care of perioperative patients.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2024
AuthorsJia L, Navare S, Hoyler M
JournalCurr Opin Anaesthesiol
Date Published2024 Mar 11

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), can lead to organ dysfunction and clinical symptoms beyond the acute infection phase. These effects may have significant implications for the management of perioperative patients. The purpose of this article is to provide a systems-based approach to the subacute and chronic effects of SARS-CoV-2 that are most relevant to anesthesiology practice.

RECENT FINDINGS: In 2024, COVID-19 remains a concern for anesthesiologists due ongoing new infections, evolving viral strains, and relatively low rates of booster vaccination in the general population. A growing body of literature describes the post-COVID-19 syndrome in which patients experience symptoms more than 12 weeks after acute infection. Recent literature describes the lingering effects of SARS-CoV-2 infection on all major organ systems, including neurologic, pulmonary, cardiovascular, renal, hematologic, and musculoskeletal, and suggests an increased perioperative mortality risk in some populations.

SUMMARY: This review offers anesthesiologists an organ system-based approach to patients with a history of COVID-19. Recognizing the long-term sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 infection can help anesthesiologists to better evaluate perioperative risk, anticipate clinical challenges, and thereby optimize patient care.

Alternate JournalCurr Opin Anaesthesiol
PubMed ID38573196