Improving liver transplant outcomes with transplant-omics and network biology.

TitleImproving liver transplant outcomes with transplant-omics and network biology.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsScarpa J
JournalCurr Opin Organ Transplant
Date Published2023 Sep 13

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Molecular omics data is increasingly ubiquitous throughout medicine. In organ transplantation, recent large-scale research efforts are generating the 'transplant-ome' - the entire set of molecular omics data, including the genome, transcriptome, proteome, and metabolome. Importantly, early studies in anesthesiology have demonstrated how perioperative interventions alter molecular profiles in various patient populations. The next step for anesthesiologists and intensivists will be to tailor perioperative care to the transplant-ome of individual liver transplant patients.

RECENT FINDINGS: In liver transplant patients, elements of the transplant-ome predict complications and point to novel interventions. Importantly, molecular profiles of both the donor organ and recipient contribute to this risk, and interventions like normothermic machine perfusion influence these profiles. As we can now measure various omics molecules simultaneously, we can begin to understand how these molecules interact to form molecular networks and emerging technologies offer noninvasive and continuous ways to measure these networks throughout the perioperative period. Molecules that regulate these networks are likely mediators of complications and actionable clinical targets throughout the perioperative period.

SUMMARY: The transplant-ome can be used to tailor perioperative care to the individual liver transplant patient. Monitoring molecular networks continuously and noninvasively would provide new opportunities to optimize perioperative management.

Alternate JournalCurr Opin Organ Transplant
PubMed ID37706301