Department of Anesthesiology

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General anesthetics do not affect release of the neuropeptide cholecystokinin from isolated rat cortical nerve terminals.

TitleGeneral anesthetics do not affect release of the neuropeptide cholecystokinin from isolated rat cortical nerve terminals.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsPashkov VN, Westphalen RI, Hemmings HC
JournalAnesthesiology
Volume97
Issue6
Pagination1500-6
Date Published2002 Dec
ISSN0003-3022
KeywordsAnesthetics, General, Animals, Cerebral Cortex, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Rats, Sincalide, Synaptosomes
Abstract

BACKGROUND: General anesthetics inhibit evoked release of classic neurotransmitters. However, their actions on neuropeptide release in the central nervous system have not been well characterized.

METHODS: The effects of representative intravenous and volatile anesthetics were studied on the release of sulfated cholecystokinin 8 (CCK8s), a representative excitatory neuropeptide, from isolated rat cerebrocortical nerve terminals (synaptosomes). Basal, elevated KCl depolarization-evoked and veratridine-evoked release of CCK8s from synaptosomes purified from rat cerebral cortex was evaluated at 35 degrees C in the absence or presence of extracellular Ca2+. CCK8s released into the incubation medium was determined by enzyme-linked immunoassay after filtration.

RESULTS: Elevation of extracellular KCl concentration (to 15-30 mM) or veratridine (10-20 microm) stimulated Ca2+ -dependent CCK8s release. Basal, elevated KCl- or veratridine-evoked CCK8s release was not affected significantly by propofol (12.5-50 microm), pentobarbital (50 and 100 microm), thiopental (20 microm), etomidate (20 microm), ketamine (20 microm), isoflurane (0.6-0.8 mM), or halothane (0.6-0.8 mMm).

CONCLUSIONS: Clinically relevant concentrations of several classes of general anesthetics did not affect basal, KCl-evoked, or veratridine-evoked CCK8s release from isolated rat cortical nerve terminals. This is in contrast to the demonstrable effects of certain general anesthetics on the release of amino acid and catecholamine transmitters. These transmitter-specific presynaptic effects of general anesthetics suggest that anesthetic-sensitive presynaptic targets are not common to all transmitter classes.

Alternate JournalAnesthesiology
PubMed ID12459677
Grant ListGM 58055 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States