What Is Medical Extended Reality? A Taxonomy Defining the Current Breadth and Depth of an Evolving Field.

TitleWhat Is Medical Extended Reality? A Taxonomy Defining the Current Breadth and Depth of an Evolving Field.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2024
AuthorsSpiegel BMR, Rizzo A, Persky S, Liran O, Wiederhold B, Woods S, Donovan K, Sarkar K, Xiang H, Joo S, Jotwani R, Lang M, Paul M, Senter-Zapata M, Widmeier K, Zhang H
JournalJ Med Ext Real
Date Published2024 Jan 01

Medical extended reality (MXR) has emerged as a dynamic field at the intersection of health care and immersive technology, encompassing virtual, augmented, and mixed reality applications across a wide range of medical disciplines. Despite its rapid growth and recognition by regulatory bodies, the field lacks a standardized taxonomy to categorize its diverse research and applications. This American Medical Extended Reality Association guideline, authored by the editorial board of the Journal of Medical Extended Reality, introduces a comprehensive taxonomy for MXR, developed through a multidisciplinary and international collaboration of experts. The guideline seeks to standardize terminology, categorize existing work, and provide a structured framework for future research and development in MXR. An international and multidisciplinary panel of experts was convened, selected based on publication track record, contributions to MXR, and other objective measures. Through an iterative process, the panel identified primary and secondary topics in MXR. These topics were refined over several rounds of review, leading to the final taxonomy. The taxonomy comprises 13 primary topics that jointly expand into 180 secondary topics, demonstrating the field's breadth and depth. At the core of the taxonomy are five overarching domains: (1) technological integration and innovation; (2) design, development, and deployment; (3) clinical and therapeutic applications; (4) education, training, and communication; and (5) ethical, regulatory, and socioeconomic considerations. The developed taxonomy offers a framework for categorizing the diverse research and applications within MXR. It may serve as a foundational tool for researchers, clinicians, funders, academic publishers, and regulators, facilitating clearer communication and categorization in this rapidly evolving field. As MXR continues to grow, this taxonomy will be instrumental in guiding its development and ensuring a cohesive understanding of its multifaceted nature.

Alternate JournalJ Med Ext Real
PubMed ID38505474
PubMed Central IDPMC10945763