|Title||United States rural residence is associated with increased acute maternal end-organ injury or mortality after birth: a retrospective multi-state analysis, 2007-2018.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2023|
|Authors||Chaturvedi R, Lui B, Tangel VE, Abramovitz SE, Pryor KO, Lim KG, White RS|
|Journal||Int J Obstet Anesth|
|Date Published||2023 Aug 03|
BACKGROUND: Geographic-based healthcare determinants and choice of anesthesia have been shown to be associated with maternal morbidity and mortality. We explored whether differences in maternal outcomes based on maternal residence, and anesthesia type for cesarean and vaginal birth, exist.
METHODS: This study was a retrospective multi-state analysis; patient residence was the predictor variable of interest and a composite binary measure of maternal end-organ injury or inpatient mortality was the primary outcome. Our secondary outcomes included a binary measure of anesthesia type for cesarean birth (general vs. neuraxial [NA]) and NA analgesia for vaginal birth (no NA vs. NA). Our predictor variable of interest was patient residency (reference category central metropolitan areas of >1 million population), fringe large metropolitan county, medium metropolitan, small metropolitan, micropolitan, and non-metropolitan or micropolitan county.
RESULTS: Women residing in micropolitan (OR 1.17; 95% CI 1.09 to 1.27) and non-metropolitan or micropolitan counties (OR 1.14; 95% CI 1.04 to 1.24) had the highest adjusted increased odds of adverse maternal outcomes. Those residing in suburban, medium, and small metropolitan areas underwent general anesthesia less often during cesarean births than those residing in urban areas. Patients residing in micropolitan rural (OR 2.07; 95% CI 2.02 to 2.12) and non-metropolitan or micropolitan (2.25; 95% CI 2.16 to 2.34) counties underwent vaginal births without NA analgesia more than twice as often as those residing in urban areas.
CONCLUSIONS: Rural-urban disparities in maternal end-organ damage and mortality exist and anesthesia choice may play an important role in these disparate outcomes.
|Alternate Journal||Int J Obstet Anesth|