|Title||The interactions of ouabain with post-tetanic and facilitatory drug potentiations at cat soleus neuromuscular junctions in vivo.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1990|
|Authors||Riker WF, Okamoto M, Artusio JF|
|Date Published||1990 Apr|
|Keywords||Animals, Calcium, Cats, Cobalt, Edrophonium, Electric Stimulation, Evoked Potentials, Magnesium, Manganese, Muscle Contraction, Neuromuscular Junction, Ouabain, Phenytoin, Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase|
Cat soleus motor nerve terminals, after high frequency conditioning, generate a post-tetanic repetition (PTR) which leads to a post-tetanic (PTP) of the muscle response. This property enables quantitative assessment of enhancement or depression of this nerve terminal excitability in vivo. The present study focuses on ionic mechanisms underlying the PTRs produced in this neuromuscular system either by high frequency stimulation or edrophonium. Ouabain was used as a specific probe for inhibition of Na(+)-K+ ATPase and its known consequences on Na+ and Ca2+ translocation. Ouabain pretreatment doubled the duration over which single stimuli, following either high frequency or edrophonium conditioning produced PTR. Ouabain in the doses used had no effect per se but as a function of dose augmented the frequency dependent responses. This pointed to Na+ loading of nerve terminals via high frequency stimulation plus ouabain inhibition of Na(+)-K+ ATPase. Ouabain potentiation of PTR responses evidently depends on exchange of intra-terminal sodium for external calcium. Thus, calcium entry blockers, Mn2+, and Co2+ suppressed or abolished the potentiations both before and after ouabain. Diphenylhydantoin, a Na+ and Ca2+ blocker, acted similarly. The effects of stimulation frequency, ouabain and the sequence of events leading to PTR in the soleus neuromuscular system appeared in general no different from those derived from the many in vitro microphysiologic studies of this phenomenon. Thus, EPPs were augmented and prolonged. It was concluded that intracellular Ca2+ is critical for regulating the stability of systems in which repetitive firing is both a normal and abnormal function.
|Alternate Journal||Neurochem. Res.|