Survey of the Impact of Decision Support in Preoperative Management of Anemia (i-Anemia): Survey Study.

TitleSurvey of the Impact of Decision Support in Preoperative Management of Anemia (i-Anemia): Survey Study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsMignanelli G, Boyer R, Bonifas N, Rineau E, Moussali Y, Le Guen M
JournalJMIR Perioper Med
Date Published2023 Dec 01

BACKGROUND: Major surgery on patients with anemia has demonstrated an increased risk of perioperative blood transfusions and postoperative morbidity and mortality. Recent studies have shown that integrating preoperative anemia treatment as a component of perioperative blood management may reduce blood product utilization and improve outcomes in both cardiac and noncardiac surgery. However, outpatient management of anemia falls outside of daily practice for most anesthesiologists and is probably weakly understood.

OBJECTIVE: We conducted a simulated case survey with anesthesiologists to accomplish the following aims: (1) evaluate the baseline knowledge of the preoperative optimization of anemia and (2) determine the impact of real-time clinical decision support on anemia management.

METHODS: We sent a digital survey (i-Anemia) to members of the French Society of Anaesthesia and Critical Care. The i-Anemia survey contained 7 simulated case vignettes, each describing a patient's brief clinical history and containing up to 3 multiple-choice questions related to preoperative anemia management (12 questions in total). The cases concerned potential situations of preoperative anemia and were created and validated with a committee of patient blood management experts. Correct answers were determined by the current guidelines or by expert consensus. Eligible participants were randomly assigned to control or decision support groups. In the decision support group, the primary outcome measured was the correct response rate.

RESULTS: Overall, 1123 participants were enrolled and randomly divided into control (n=568) and decision support (n=555) groups. Among them, 763 participants fully responded to the survey. We obtained a complete response rate of 65.6% (n=364) in the group receiving cognitive aid and 70.2% (n=399) in the group without assistance. The mean duration of response was 10.2 (SD 6.8) minutes versus 7.8 (SD 5) minutes for the decision support and control groups, respectively (P<.001). The score significantly improved with cognitive aid (mean 10.3 out of 12, SD 2.1) in comparison to standard care (mean 6.2 out of 12, SD 2.1; P<.001).

CONCLUSIONS: Management strategies to optimize preoperative anemia are not fully known and applied by anesthesiologists in daily practice despite their clinical importance. However, adding a decision support tool can significantly improve patient care by reminding practitioners of current recommendations.

Alternate JournalJMIR Perioper Med
PubMed ID38039068