Safety and Efficacy of a Novel Approach to Pulmonary Vein Isolation Using Prolonged Apneic Oxygenation.

TitleSafety and Efficacy of a Novel Approach to Pulmonary Vein Isolation Using Prolonged Apneic Oxygenation.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsGabriels JK, Ying X, Purkayastha S, Braunstein E, Liu CF, Markowitz SM, Mountantonakis S, Thomas G, Goldner B, Willner J, Goyal R, Ip JE, Lerman BB, Carter J, Bereanda N, Fitzgerald MM, Anca D, Patel A, Cheung JW
JournalJACC Clin Electrophysiol
Date Published2022 Nov 22

BACKGROUND: Improved ablation catheter-tissue contact results in more effective ablation lesions. Respiratory motion causes catheter instability, which impacts durable pulmonary vein isolation (PVI).

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a novel ablation strategy involving prolonged periods of apneic oxygenation during PVI.

METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, prospective controlled study of 128 patients (mean age 63 ± 11 years; 37% women) with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation undergoing PVI. Patients underwent PVI under general anesthesia using serial 4-minute runs of apneic oxygenation (apnea group; n = 64) or using standard ventilation settings (control group; n = 64). Procedural data, arterial blood gas samples, catheter position coordinates, and ablation lesion characteristics were collected.

RESULTS: Baseline characteristics between the 2 groups were similar. Catheter stability was significantly improved in the apnea group, as reflected by a decreased mean catheter displacement (1.55 ± 0.97 mm vs 2.25 ± 1.13 mm; P < 0.001) and contact force SD (4.9 ± 1.1 g vs 5.2 ± 1.5 g; P = 0.046). The percentage of lesions with a mean catheter displacement >2 mm was significantly lower in the apnea group (22% vs 44%; P < 0.001). Compared with the control group, the total ablation time to achieve PVI was reduced in the apnea group (18.8 ± 6.9 minutes vs 23.4 ± 7.8 minutes; P = 0.001). There were similar rates of first-pass PVI, acute PV reconnections and dormant PV reconnections between the two groups.

CONCLUSIONS: A novel strategy of performing complete PVI during apneic oxygenation results in improved catheter stability and decreased ablation times without adverse events. (Radiofrequency Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation Under Apnea; NCT04170894).

Alternate JournalJACC Clin Electrophysiol
PubMed ID36752460