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Digital clock drawing test metrics in older patients before and after endoscopy with sedation: An exploratory analysis.

TitleDigital clock drawing test metrics in older patients before and after endoscopy with sedation: An exploratory analysis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsBuckley RA, Atkins KJ, Silbert B, Scott DA, Evered L
JournalActa Anaesthesiol Scand
Volume66
Issue2
Pagination207-214
Date Published2022 Feb
ISSN1399-6576
KeywordsAged, Anesthesia, Benchmarking, Cognitive Dysfunction, Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal, Humans, Neuropsychological Tests
Abstract

BACKGROUND: In the postoperative period, clinically feasible instruments to monitor elderly patients' neurocognitive recovery and discharge-readiness, especially after short-stay procedures, are limited. Cognitive monitoring may be improved by a novel digital clock drawing test (dCDT). We screened for cognitive impairment with the 4 A Test (4AT) and then administered the dCDT pre and post short-stay procedure (endoscopy). The primary aim was to investigate whether the dCDT was sensitive to a change in cognitive status postendoscopy. We also investigated if preoperative cognitive status impacted postendoscopy dCDT variables.

METHODS: We recruited 100 patients ≥65 years presenting for endoscopy day procedures at a single metropolitan hospital. Participants were assessed after admission and immediately before discharge from the hospital. We administered the 4AT, followed by both command and copy clock conditions of the dCDT. We analysed the total drawing time (dCDT time), as well as scored the drawn clock against the established Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) criteria both before and after endoscopy.

RESULTS: Linear regression showed higher 4AT test scores (poorer performance) were associated with longer postoperative dCDT time (β = 5.6, p = 0.012) for the command condition after adjusting for preoperative baseline dCDT metrics, sex, age, and years of education.

CONCLUSION: Postoperative dCDT time-based variables slowed in those with baseline cognitive impairment detected by the 4AT, but not for those without cognitive impairment. Our results suggest the dCDT, using the command mode, may help detect cognitive impairment in patients aged >65 years after elective endoscopy.

DOI10.1111/aas.14003
Alternate JournalActa Anaesthesiol Scand
PubMed ID34811719