|Title||Differential Inhibition of Neuronal Sodium Channel Subtypes by the General Anesthetic Isoflurane.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Zhou C, Johnson KW, Herold KF, Hemmings HC|
|Journal||J Pharmacol Exp Ther|
|Date Published||2019 Feb 21|
Volatile anesthetics depress neurotransmitter release in a brain region- and neurotransmitter-selective manner by unclear mechanisms. Voltage-gated sodium channels (Na), which are coupled to synaptic vesicle exocytosis, are inhibited by volatile anesthetics through reduction of peak current and modulation of gating. Subtype-selective effects of anesthetics on Na might contribute to observed neurotransmitter-selective anesthetic effects on release. We analyzed anesthetic effects on Na currents mediated by the principal neuronal Nav subtypes Na1.1, Na1.2 and Na1.6 heterologously expressed in ND7/23 neuroblastoma cells using whole-cell patch clamp electrophysiology. Isoflurane at clinically relevant concentrations induced a hyperpolarizing shift in the voltage-dependence of steady-state inactivation and slowed recovery from fast inactivation in all three Na subtypes, with the voltage of half-maximal steady-state inactivation significantly more positive for Na1.1 (-49.7±3.9 mV) than for Na1.2 (-57.5±1.2 mV) or Na1.6 (-58.0±3.8 mV). Isoflurane significantly inhibited peak Na current () in a voltage-dependent manner: at a physiologically relevant holding potential (V) of -70 mV, isoflurane inhibited peak of Na1.2 (16.5±5.5%) and Na1.6 (18.0±7.8%), but not of Na1.1 (1.2±0.8%). Since Na subtypes are differentially expressed both between neuronal types and within neurons, greater inhibition of Na1.2 and Na1.6 compared to Na1.1 could contribute to neurotransmitter-selective effects of isoflurane on synaptic transmission.
|Alternate Journal||J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther.|