An Indian surgeon's perspective on management of asymptomatic gallstones.

TitleAn Indian surgeon's perspective on management of asymptomatic gallstones.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2024
AuthorsVirk S, Arora H, Patil P, Sarang B, Khajanchi M, Bains L, Kizhakke DVeetil, Jain S, Nathani P, Dev Y, Gadgil A, Roy N
JournalAsian J Endosc Surg
Date Published2024 Apr
KeywordsAdult, Cholecystectomy, Cross-Sectional Studies, Gallstones, Humans, Risk Factors, Surgeons

INTRODUCTION: Cholelithiasis is widely prevalent in India, with a majority of patients being asymptomatic while a small proportion experiencing mild complications. In the laparoscopic era, the rate of cholecystectomies has increased owing to early recovery and fewer complications. In asymptomatic patients, the risk of complications must be balanced against the treatment benefit. Recent guidelines suggest no prophylactic cholecystectomy in asymptomatic patients. We aimed to find out the Indian surgeons' perspective on asymptomatic gallstone management.

METHODS: A cross-sectional e-survey was conducted of practicing surgeons, onco-surgeons and gastrointestinal-surgeons in India. The survey had questions regarding their perspective on laparoscopic cholecystectomy and treatment modalities in asymptomatic gallstones.

RESULTS: A total of 196 surgeons responded to the survey. Their mean age was 42.3 years. Overall, 111 (57%) respondents worked in the private sector. Most surgeons (164) agreed that the rate of cholecystectomy has increased since the advent of laparoscopy; 137 (70%) respondents agreed that they would not operate on patients without risk factors. Common bile duct stones, chronic hemolytic diseases, transplant recipients, and diabetes mellitus were the risk factors. Majority of the participants agreed on not performing a cholecystectomy in patients with asymptomatic gallstones.

CONCLUSION: There exists a lack of consensus among Indian surgeons on asymptomatic gallstone management in India. Where the majority of cases are asymptomatic and do not require surgery, certain comorbidities can influence the line of treatment in individual patients. Currently, the treatment guidelines for asymptomatic patients need to be established as cholecystectomies may be overperformed due to the fear of development of complications.

Alternate JournalAsian J Endosc Surg
PubMed ID38439130