Administrative Data Is Insufficient to Identify Near-Future Critical Illness: A Population-Based Retrospective Cohort Study.

TitleAdministrative Data Is Insufficient to Identify Near-Future Critical Illness: A Population-Based Retrospective Cohort Study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsGarland A, Marrie RAnn, Wunsch H, Yogendran M, Chateau D
JournalFront Epidemiol
Date Published2022

BACKGROUND: Prediction of future critical illness could render it practical to test interventions seeking to avoid or delay the coming event.

OBJECTIVE: Identify adults having >33% probability of near-future critical illness.

RESEARCH DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study, 2013-2015.

SUBJECTS: Community-dwelling residents of Manitoba, Canada, aged 40-89 years.

MEASURES: The outcome was a near-future critical illness, defined as intensive care unit admission with invasive mechanical ventilation, or non-palliative death occurring 30-180 days after 1 April each year. By dividing the data into training and test cohorts, a Classification and Regression Tree analysis was used to identify subgroups with ≥33% probability of the outcome. We considered 72 predictors including sociodemographics, chronic conditions, frailty, and health care utilization. Sensitivity analysis used logistic regression methods.

RESULTS: Approximately 0.38% of each yearly cohort experienced near-future critical illness. The optimal Tree identified 2,644 mutually exclusive subgroups. Socioeconomic status was the most influential variable, followed by nursing home residency and frailty; age was sixth. In the training data, the model performed well; 41 subgroups containing 493 subjects had ≥33% members who developed the outcome. However, in the test data, those subgroups contained 429 individuals, with 20 (4.7%) experiencing the outcome, which comprised 0.98% of all subjects with the outcome. While logistic regression showed less model overfitting, it likewise failed to achieve the stated objective.

CONCLUSIONS: High-fidelity prediction of near-future critical illness among community-dwelling adults was not successful using population-based administrative data. Additional research is needed to ascertain whether the inclusion of additional types of data can achieve this goal.

Alternate JournalFront Epidemiol
PubMed ID38455278
PubMed Central IDPMC10910992