|Title||CHEB, a convulsant barbiturate, evokes calcium-dependent spontaneous glutamate release from rat cerebrocortical synaptosomes.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1996|
|Authors||Wei L, Schlame M, Downes H, Hemmings HC|
|Date Published||1996 Jun|
|Keywords||Animals, Barbiturates, Calcium, Cerebral Cortex, Convulsants, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Glutamic Acid, Male, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley, Synaptosomes|
CHEB [5-(2-cyclohexylidene-ethyl)-5-ethyl barbituric acid] is a potent convulsant barbiturate that causes direct neuronal excitation by an unknown mechanism. We have analyzed the effects of CHEB on the release of endogenous glutamate from rat cerebrocortical synaptosomes using an on-line enzyme-coupled fluorimetric assay. CHEB evoked spontaneous Ca(2+)-dependent glutamate release with an EC50 = 14.2 microM and an Emax = 3.2 mumol/min/mg. The non-convulsant barbiturates pentobarbital and phenobarbital evoked significantly less glutamate release at high concentrations. CHEB (30 microM) increased intrasynaptosomal [Ca2+] by 58 +/- 4 nM (p < 0.01; n = 4) above baseline compared to an increase of 5 +/- 4 nM (NS; n = 4) produced by pentobarbital (30 microM). CHEB-evoked glutamate release was inhibited by pentobarbital, phenobarbital, EGTA, CoCl2/CdCl2 and flunarizine, but not by local anesthetics, tetrodotoxin, nitrendipine or omega-conotoxin GVIA. These results demonstrate that CHEB acts as a potent and effective secretogogue for glutamate by a pre-synaptic mechanism that does not require activation of Na+ channels or of L-type or N-type Ca2+ channels. Stimulation of spontaneous glutamate release may contribute to the convulsant properties of CHEB.