|Title||Temperature Outcomes without heater cooler units in adult patients supported with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: A retrospective cohort study.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2023|
|Authors||Hoyler M, Baidya J, Rippon B, Debois W, Srivastava A, Iannacone E, Girardi NIvascu|
|Date Published||2023 Aug 09|
INTRODUCTION: Heater-cooler units (HCUs) are frequently incorporated into extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) circuits to help maintain patient normothermia. However, these devices may be associated with increased cost and infection risk. This study describes our institution's experience managing adult ECMO patients without the routine use of in-circuit HCUs.
METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of adult patients treated with veno-venous (VV) or veno-arterial (VA) ECMO at our institution. The primary outcomes were rates of HCU use and the relative duration of the ECMO treatment course in which patients maintained normothermia (36-37.5°C), with and without HCUs. Secondary outcomes of mortality and ECMO-related complications were planned across HCU and non-HCU groups; exploratory analyses were performed across a 75% "ECMO time in normothermia" threshold.
RESULTS: Among a cohort of 71 patients, zero (0%) were managed with in-circuit HCUs. A majority of ECMO patient-hours were spent in the normothermic range. Median and mean percentages of ECMO normothermia time were 75% (IQR 49%-81%) and 62% (SD ± 27%). Twenty-nine patients (40%) met the threshold of 75% ECMO normothermia time, as used to evaluate secondary outcomes. At this threshold, mortality risk was significantly higher among the non-normothermic cohort; other ECMO-related complications did not vary significantly.
CONCLUSIONS: In the absence of HCU use, the majority of ECMO patient-hours were spent in normothermia. However, only a minority of patients achieved normothermia for at least 75% of their ECMO course. In-circuit HCUs may be required to maintain high percentages of normothermic time in adult EMCO patients.