Department of Anesthesiology

You are here

Implementation of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting Guidelines for Female Adult Patients Undergoing Anesthesia During Gynecologic and Breast Surgery in an Ambulatory Setting.

TitleImplementation of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting Guidelines for Female Adult Patients Undergoing Anesthesia During Gynecologic and Breast Surgery in an Ambulatory Setting.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsTabrizi S, Malhotra V, Turnbull ZA, Goode V
JournalJ Perianesth Nurs
Date Published2019 Feb 01
ISSN1532-8473
Abstract

PURPOSE: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is one of the most common complications after anesthesia. This evidence-based quality improvement (QI) project describes the implementation of a PONV guideline and the impact on providers' compliance with PONV risk assessment using the Apfel PONV score.

DESIGN: A retrospective preimplementation and postimplementation QI project.

METHODS: This evidence-based QI project sample included 294 adult female patients scheduled for gynecologic or breast surgery in the ambulatory setting. They were observed for PONV in the postanesthesia care unit. In addition, compliance of Apfel risk-assessment score documentation on the preanesthesia evaluation form was assessed.

FINDINGS: Postimplementation of the guideline, the overall incidence of PONV was significantly lower (9.5% vs 21.1%, P = .009) and anesthesia providers' adherence to Apfel risk score documentation significantly increased (63.3% vs 49%, P = .019).

CONCLUSIONS: A PONV guideline for gynecologic and breast surgery can reduce the PONV incidence and improve anesthesia providers' compliance with PONV risk assessment and its documentation.

DOI10.1016/j.jopan.2018.10.006
Alternate JournalJ. Perianesth. Nurs.
PubMed ID30718165